近期,伊朗公开了伊朗导弹部队在地下洞库组装导弹,进入对美军发动攻击的画面。视频最开始,快速展示了一条位于地下深处的长隧道,两侧装满导弹系统的配件和弹道导弹。导弹组装完成后,缓缓向上抬起指向天空。

Recently, Iran has opened up images of Iranian missile forces assembling missiles in underground bunkers to launch attacks on U.S. forces. The video begins with a quick display of a long tunnel deep underground, flanked by accessories and ballistic missiles full of missile systems. After the missile assembly is completed, slowly lift up and point to the sky.

洞库打开一个顶部钢制盖板,导弹就是从这里发射出去。伊朗至少在15年前,就开始了导弹地下基地的建设,现在据信已经有3大导弹地下基地。伊朗利用伊朗多山的特点,在山地之中选择有利地形开始构筑地下基地,属于坑道式的基地,往往拥有非常长的地下通道。

The vault opens a top steel cover plate from which the missile is fired. At least 15 years ago, iran began the construction of underground missile bases, which are now believed to have three major underground missile bases. Taking advantage of Iran's mountainous features, Iran chooses favorable terrain in the mountains to start building underground bases, which are tunnel-type bases and often have very long underground passages.

而且,这些地下基地,主要部位,都有几十米厚的岩层,根本不怕轰炸和定点打击。只有在导弹发射口,才有相对薄弱的地方,但是,这些地方是无法被探测到的。平时,这些发射窗口,顶部有加厚并伪装的口盖,当口盖打开之后导弹点火就能从发射窗口飞出。

Moreover, these underground bases, the main parts, are tens of meters thick rock formations, not afraid of bombing and targeted strikes at all. There are relatively weak spots only at the missile launch ports, but they cannot be detected. Normally, these launch windows, with a thickened and camouflaged cover at the top, can fly out of the launch window when the cover is opened and the missile ignites.

这里是伊朗巨大的导弹洞库唯一的薄弱环节,在1月9日,美国海军编号为156517的EP-3E侦察机从巴林空军基地起飞。1架编号为79-0002的美军E-3C预警机从阿联酋起飞,1架编号为LX-N90456的美军E-3TF预警机从土耳其起飞,正在对伊朗进行高密度侦察。

This is the only weak link in Iran's huge missile hole, and on January 9, the U.S. Navy's EP-3E reconnaissance aircraft, numbered 156517, took off from Bahrain's air base. One U.S. military E-3C AWACS from the United Arab Emirates, numbered 79-0002, and one U.S. military E-3TF AWACS from Turkey, numbered LX-N90456, are conducting a high-density reconnaissance of Iran.

很可能就是在寻找伊朗导弹地下基地的发射口精确位置。在2017年5月,伊朗伊斯兰革命卫队官员透露,伊朗已经建成第三座地下弹道导弹基地,集生产、储存、发射等多种能力于一体。

Probably looking for the exact location of the Iranian missile's underground base. In May 2017, officials of Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps revealed that Iran has built a third underground ballistic missile base that integrates multiple capabilities such as production, storage, and launch.

而且,伊朗还有14个地下导弹洞库,这些洞库,都是导弹储备基地,不具备发射能力。这些洞库,都是采用坑道地下工事标准建造,深度在地下27-500米,拥有非常长的地下通道,这些通道都可以让车辆前进。

Moreover, Iran also has 14 underground missile bunkers, all of which are missile reserve bases that do not have the capability to launch. These caverns, all constructed by standard tunnel underground fortifications, are 27 to 500 metres deep and have very long underground passageways that allow vehicles to move forward.

现在,被发现的伊朗地下导弹基地,就有,霍拉马巴德导弹基地,在这个基地附近有7个地下导弹洞库,为这座基地提供储备导弹。而且这8个地下基地,都有地下隧道相互链接。

Now, the Iranian underground missile base that has been discovered is the Khorramabad missile base, where there are seven underground missile caverns near the base, providing reserve missiles for the base. And the eight underground bases, all with underground tunnels linked to each other.

伊朗通过这种地下发射的方式,可以更高效的使用射程1000公里以内的近程弹道导弹来打击周边国家的主要城市。要想发射射程1000公里以上导弹,还是需要在地面进行发射。为打击以色列准备的流星系列中程弹道导弹。

With this underground launch, Iran could be more efficient at using short-range ballistic missiles with a range of less than 1,000 kilometers to hit major cities in neighboring countries. To launch a missile with a range of more than 1,000 km, it would still need to be launched on the ground. Meteor series intermediate-range ballistic missiles to combat Israel.

伊朗准备的洞库长度超过1公里,拥有多个非常隐蔽的出口,在发射的时候,在洞库以内进行燃料加注工作。然后从某一个隐蔽出口出来,再进行导弹发射。

Iran has more than a kilometer in length and has several very hidden exits, filling the bunker with fuel at the time of launch. And then from a hidden exit, and then missile launch.

美军在中东现在没有大型钻地弹平台和弹药,因此,还没有实力打击伊朗三大地下导弹基地。如果,美军开始部署B-2隐身轰炸机,才说明美军已经找到了伊朗地下导弹基地发射口,要打开了。这种轰炸机可以将14吨级钻地弹,以米精度打进目标,还可以击穿60米厚掩体顶层。

U.S. forces in the Middle East now do not have a large drilling platform and ammunition, so there is no strength to hit Iran's three underground missile bases. If U.S. forces begin deploying B-2 stealth bombers, that means the U.S. has found the launch port of Iran's underground missile base. The bomber can drill 14-tonne ground bombs into the target with meter precision and break through the top layer of a 60-metre-thick bunker.

还有一个需要关注的地方是,在美军基地遭到伊朗导弹袭击以后,第一批赶到现场的是库尔德武装,库尔德武装在80公里范围内建立起防线。

Another concern is that, after the iranian missile attack on the u. s.military base, the first came to the scene was the kurdish army, which established a defense within 80 km.


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